Thinking back to last week, prehistoric Britain ended when the Romans conquered the ancient Britons and Britain became part of the Roman Empire.
Around 2,000 years ago, Britain was ruled by tribes of people called the Celts. But this was about to change. For around a century, the Roman army had been building an Empire across Europe. Now it was coming for Britain!
In AD43, the full might of the Roman army landed on the beaches in Kent. Over the next year it battled inland, storming through hillforts and chopping down anyone who stood in their way.
The Romans wanted Britain's precious metals. However, they weren't just a destructive force - they built new forts, new settlements and roads. They spread their culture, language and laws.
How did the Celts fight back?
When the Romans invaded, the Celtic tribes had to decide whether or not to fight back. If they made peace, they agreed to obey Roman laws and pay taxes. In return, they could keep their kingdoms. However, some Celtic leaders chose to fight.
After years of heavy taxes and the Romans taking their land, some Celtic tribes were desperate for revenge. In AD60, one leader who chose to fight was Queen Boudica of the Iceni tribe. She raised a huge army and went on a rampage, burning the Roman towns of Colchester and London, before heading north to St Albans.
When the Roman army heard about this, they turned back from their campaign in Wales to face Boudica. Even though the Romans were outnumbered by Boudica's 200,000 warriors, they were better trained and had better armour. Both sides clashed in a fierce battle, but the Romans won.
Can you write a newspaper report on Boudicca's rebellion? You might need to use the internet to collect more detailed research!
Don't fancy the newspaper report? Why not write a diary entry as though you were Boudicca explaining everything that happened during the battle...
- Use the internet to compare the similarities and differences between the Celts and the Romans.
- Find out about Roman Soldiers and design a shield.
- Test yourself on your Boudicca knowledge.